In just about any mucous membrane of the body, you can grow a polyp. For those not in the know, a polyp is a lumpy flesh growth that hangs from a stalk. Polyps can be cancerous, or they can be benign. The stalk could be really short, or very long. Polyps even grow in your nose! In the event that you have polyps in your nose (and your general physician can spot them) you may be referred to an ENT doctor. Here is how the enterologist, or ear,nose and throat doctor, may address these lumpy problems.
Assessing the Size of the Nose Polyps
The first thing that an ENT will do is check the size of the polyps in your nose. If the polyps are very small and it does not appear that they are causing any issues with your breathing, the ENT will just monitor them and have you follow up in a year. If the polyps look unusual or are blocking your airway, your ENT will choose the appropriate procedure for whatever he/she thinks is wrong with the polyps.
If the polyps in your nose are growing rapidly, look strange or bleed a lot, the ENT doctor will perform a biopsy. The biopsy will reveal if the polyp is cancerous or if it is benign. If it is cancerous, your doctor will remove the rest of the polyp, its stalk and a small bit of the surrounding tissue in your nose to see if the cancer cells have spread. If it is not cancerous but appears to be growing exponentially, your doctor will remove the polyp for that reason too.
Nasal Medicines to Shrink the Polyps
Sometimes a nasal steroid is used to shrink the polyps. If your ENT can shrink the polyps with the nasal spray, then you do not have to have surgery. If the polyps refuse to shrink, they may be abnormal clumps of cells and will have to be removed.
Surgery to Open Your Nasal Passages
In more extreme cases where nose polyps are huge but benign, your ENT doctor may still choose to perform a surgery that not only removes the polyps but also opens up your nasal passages. This will help you breathe better. In the event that a polyp grows back, you can still breathe around the polyp until your doctor can look at it. Sometimes the surgery to remove the first polyps and open your nasal passages ends up removing much of the cells that were responsible for the polyps in the first place. Then the polyps do not grow back and new ones do not develop in their place.
Contact a company like Mid America Ear, Nose, & Throat Clinic PC for more information.